Who are our target groups”?
Our target groups are the most vulnerable, “Destitute Single Mothers, Widows, Grandmothers with dependent daughters”who are living under desperate conditions and are deprived of the most basic needs.
According to statistics by “UNICEF” and “CWIN” every year between 8000 to 12000 Girls and young women are trafficked into to flesh-trade and other forms of slavery to countries like India, China and the Middle-East countries.
Some progress in this area had been achieved over the last decade but due to the Covid-Pandemic induced economic recession millions more fell into poverty. The most severely affected are destitute Widows/single Mothers/Grandmothers with dependent children. Without any family support and in absence of a social net they find themselves on the lowest rung of the social ladder and all too often deprived of their most basic human needs and rights.
For a number of reasons many husbands and fathers are dying and this due to accidents, diseases and natural disasters. Others are leaving their family to marry another woman; others again are wrecked by alcoholism or drugs.
This is leaving a huge number of Mothers without a bread earner and without protection.
The situation is even worse for mothers with dependent daughters only and many of them find themselves in a desperate situation. Poor people are living on two Dollars or less daily. Our target groups are day labourers’ and they live literally from the hand to the mouth. No work is synonymous to no food!
Hunger is the most poisoned sting that poverty can inflict on human beings and it is the root-cause for unbearable suffering. It entails worst forms of violence and discrimination like rape, prostitution, child-marriage, human-trafficking and other intolerable forms of violence on girls and women.
A statistic by the “WHO” is stating that the suicide rate of women in Nepal is among the highest worldwide and they came to the shocking finding that suicide is the leading cause of death for women aged 15-49. Statistics are flawed because suicide is illegal in Nepal and relatives will not disclose the real cause of death to avoid legal problems and the social stigma associated with it.
According to surveys by the NGO AATWIN
(Unsafe migration & human trafficking in women and children in Nepal)
The following can be said about human trafficking in Nepal:
The purpose of human trafficking:
For the purpose of exploitation, this includes exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or similar practices and the removal of organs.
The act of trafficking:
Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons.
How is it done?
Threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving a payment or benefit to a person in control of a victim. Decisions related to migration are primarily made by individuals by themselves or through decisions taken by the family. Therefore, there is a need to support these families and increase awareness about the risk associated with unsafe migration and human trafficking.
The survey showed a lack of knowledge or limited understanding about human trafficking. For this reason, it is important to increase awareness by facilitating education and awareness programmes in “Child-Trafficking” in particular, and this in communities and households prone to unsafe migration. Adolescents and children are still accepting to migrate unsafely despite their knowledge about associated risks due to push factors like poverty, forgoing education and unemployment.